Vietnam ranks 11th out of the 50 countries in the 2022 Emerging Market Logistics Index released by logistics and freight provider Agility.
The country’s freight and logistics market is expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 5.5 percent in 2022 – 2027. Its economy has posted a strong recovery this year, growing at 8.93 percent in the first nine months.
Vietnam’s foreign trade was worth US$557 billion in the period, representing a large freight and logistics market.
However, Le Thi Ngoc Diep, Director for Trade of SLP Vietnam, said that the standards of the storage and warehouse system have remained modest, while many logistics firms have yet to be able to join the global supply chain.
Meanwhile, the demand for a modern logistics system that combines automation and meets the growth of retailers and the e-commerce industry in Vietnam is very high.
This requires the logistics industry in Vietnam to change and transform in an irreversible trend with the investment in modern warehouse infrastructure, applying digital and automatic management and more professional governance model, she said.
A young and growing population of around 100 million people, stable and supportive Government policies, extensive trade agreements with other countries, and favorable trends in manufacturing, exports and domestic consumption are driving logistics services, Chih Cheung, founding managing partner at SLP Vietnam, said.
But at the same time, there were a lot of inefficiencies in the industry, he said, adding that logistics costs represent 20 percent of GDP in Vietnam while it is 7-9 percent in mature markets.
Speaking at the Vietnam Logistics Transformation forum held in HCMC recently, Hoang Quang Phong, Vice President of the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), proposed the setting up of an inter-sectoral working group between the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Industry and Trade to review and remove difficulties and support the logistics industry by proposing policies and solutions to serve the development of projects to promote Vietnam's economic growth in the context of escalating logistics costs and shortages in serious containers in 2021.
Dao Trong Khoa, deputy chairman of the Vietnam Logistics Business Association, said the logistics industry is benefiting from free trade agreements and the rapid growth of e-commerce.
E-Logistics has leveraged the efficiency of logistics services, he said.
However, the country’s logistics landscape is still fragmented and a master plan to attract investment and develop infrastructure to fully tap its potential is urgently needed, he said.
Most of domestic businesses are small- or medium-sized with limited capital, technology and automation, and face fierce competition from foreign companies.
They only have a 30 percent market share, with the remaining 70 percent held by foreign businesses, he said.
But domestic businesses are increasingly investing in infrastructure, modern warehousing and technology to increase their market share, he added.