The decision 18/2020/QĐ-TTg stipulates the no-fly and restricted flying zones to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and ultra-light aircraft.
The no-fly zones are national defense and security areas under the management and protection of the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Public Security.
These include military stations, areas for deploying forces, combat equipment and training, warehouses, factories, logistic bases, prisons and detention camps of the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Public Security, and other areas related to the national security, the decision said.
The distance from the UAVs and ultra-light aircrafts to the no-fly zones horizontally must not be less than 500m at any height.
The vehicles are banned from flying over working areas of offices of Party, State, National Assembly, Government, ministries and central-level agencies, the Vietnam Fatherland Front, provincial and city-level Party committees, people’s committees and councils, diplomatic and consular missions, and international organisations.
The limit distance horizontally to the areas is no less than 200m at any height.
The areas of military and civil airports were noted as the no-fly zones. The no-fly zones extend by 15,000m and 5,000m from two sides of rectangular shapes of the runways at any height.
Airports which have less than six civil flights per day can flexibly adjust the no-fly zones at their discretion.
However, drones and ultra-light aircrafts will not be allowed to fly within the boundaries of airports and in the time before and after one hour of the airplanes landing and taking off.
The vehicles can only fly with the permissions of military flight control and management agencies at the airports.
The no-fly zones are also the areas within the limits of air routes, flight trails and corridors that were licensed in the airspace of Vietnam, the limited scope of air routes stated in the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) Vietnam published by the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam.
The PM’s decision states that in special cases of national defence and security or at the requests of ministries, branches and localities to ensure flight safety and social order, the Ministry of Defense shall decide to temporarily prohibit from flying to unmanned aircrafts in one or some areas. The decision will take effect immediately.
The PM’s decision also regulates restricted flying zones to drones and ultra-light flying vehicles including airspace over 120m above the terrain (excluding airspace of the above-mentioned no-fly zones), crowded areas and the border areas.
The limited distance in the land border with China is 25,000m from border line to the land of Vietnam at all heights while the limited distance in land border between Vietnam and Laos and Cambodia is 10,000m.
The limited distances are 3,000m in width and 5,000m in length from the no-fly zones at airports having military and civil flights. And the heights are less than 1,200m above the terrain.
The organizations of flights of drones and ultra-light aircrafts in restricted flying areas must meet requirements of flight licensing authorities, the decision said.