According to the MoIT, the local energy economy has changed rapidly in recent decades. Vietnam has exported crude oil, coal and natural gas, making important contributors to the national budget in the last 20 years.
The ministry also said energy imports have had a strong tendency to increase in recent years.
From 1997 to 2019, Vietnam's economy maintained a growth rate of nearly 7 percent, and its energy demand in the recent 10-year period increased 6.5 percent for primary energy while demand for electricity rose 10.5 percent in the period, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Dang Hoang An said at a conference in Hanoi last month.
To ensure adequate energy supply for social and economic development as well as national defence, the ministry determined a national energy master plan is needed.
The ministry said the national energy master plan for 2021-30 with a vision to 2050 is expected to build scenarios that will not increase energy costs, prevent energy from becoming a burden for the economy, ensure harmonised energy development and contribute to promoting the country’s economic development.
The ministry said the master plan is to help provide a comprehensive assessment of national energy supply and demand and connect energy development with socio-economic-environmental development goals set by Vietnam and its commitments to the international community.
The MoIT said the plan will ensure the harmonious development of energy sub-sectors while also creating favourable conditions for State management in the energy sector.
At the same time, most experts consider renewable energy a solution to the risk of electricity shortages and for sustainable and green growth in Vietnam where cheaper thermal power has been harming the environment.
Tran Anh Tuan, Secretary of the World Energy Council, recently told local media that the development of renewable energy such as wind, solar power, hydrogen will be an inevitable trend to create a clean, low-cost, stable and environmentally friendly source of energy.
Commercial electricity growth is estimated to increase rapidly and strongly in the next 15 years.
Nguyen The Thang, Head of the Electrical System Development Department under the Institute of Energy, told local media that in one scenario commercial electricity will reach 490.8 billion kWh by 2030 and 976 billion kWh by 2050, maintaining an increase of 8.3 percent in 2021-30, then by only 3.4 percent in 2031-50.
In another scenario, commercial electricity will reach 523 billion kWh in 2030 and 1,110 billion kWh in 2050.
In the past years, Vietnam has built small hydropower plans, considered a form of renewable energy with a minimal negative impact on the environment and one that promotes rural economic development.
According to the MoIT, there are more than 1,000 potential small hydropower developments across the country, ranging from 100 kW to 30 MW, with a total capacity of more than 7,000 MW, the biggest capacity among ASEAN countries.
However, due to climate change and droughts, many hydropower reservoirs could not work due to lack of water while some construction projects have been delayed. The ministry will not allow developing super small projects with a capacity of below 30MW, as they could not be the solution to national energy security.
Meanwhile, the traditional thermal power using coal has been proved to harm the environment and is no longer being developed in most other countries, so the ministry has made some changes in its latest Power Plan VII.
At the end of last week, Minister of Industry and Trade Tran Tuan Anh and his Republic of Korea counterpart, Sung Yunmo, signed an energy cooperation deal between the two sides at the 10th Meeting of Vietnam-RoK Joint Committee on Energy, Industry and Trade Cooperation, in which they will boost Korean investment in liquefied natural gas power and renewable energy projects as well as co-operation in improving efficiency and safety of energy in Vietnam.
MoIT has publicised the draft and asked for comments on its website.