In the period of 2013-2016, average increase was 4.48 percent yet it saw a surge of 2.9 percent in 2016, down by 1.58 percent compared to the whole period’s production.
The Minister explained the reduction is due to natural disaster and polluted sea in four central provinces. Average export turnover of the period reached $7.04 billion a year, up by 15.6 percent compared 2012.
The quantity of fish, shrimp, crab, octopus and cuttle in the period of 2011-2015 was 4.36 million tons excluding aquatic animals in the coastal zones, bottoms of continental shelves, and deep-water fishing sea over 200 meter.
Compared with the period of 2000-2005, aquatic products dropped by 14 percent.
Despite the efforts of the Ministry of Agriculture and its partnership in establishing fishing ports at various locations, the Minister said that it is uncontrollable the number of fishing boats which illegally use dynamite, electricity and catch baby fishes and fishes in mating season.
He blamed polluted sea for a serious drop of aquatic animals.
Fishermen‘s awareness in protecting and developing fish is low plus light penalties can not deter people from committing illegal work. Additionally, documents on protecting the country’s sea and water zone are not suitable.
Furthermore, there have been no policies to support fishermen or help them to transfer to another job and there have been no policies to encourage investment in preservation areas.
To remedy the above-mentioned shortcomings, the Ministry will carry out investigation to value sea profit, verify key fishing grounds, and which aquatic animals to catch.
Another measure proposed by the Ministry is to set up a prohibited area about fishing to protect pregnant fishes and breeding aquatic animals in mating season. The Ministry should increase inspection and issue fines to illegal activities including fishing by electricity and dynamite.
As per the sector’s study, around 110,950 fishing boats are working in sea, catching over 3 million tons and this offers jobs to 650,000 direct laborers in sea and millions of services in ashore.