Du Huy Quang, head of land management division under the HCM City Department of Mineral Resources and Environment, said the Land Law of Vietnam allows building of agricultural support facilities such as glasshouses and greenhouses on agricultural land typically used to build nursery gardens.
However, farmers faced challenges in transferring land-use purposes, Quang said at a seminar held by HCM City People’s Council and HTV on July 19.
According to Pham Kim Bang, manager at the Business Licensing Division under the HCM City Department of Construction, the Construction Department has drafted instructions on construction of agricultural support facilities, which includes two categories of construction works.
The first category includes works that provide nets and favorable conditions for plant varieties and breeding animals. Construction of these works, which use removable materials, must be reported to commune People’s Committees.
Sentry boxes at these nursery gardens must be built with environmentally friendly materials such as trees and thatch. They must have one storey and be under 15m wide and 6m high, with total area of less than 1,000 sq.m.
According to figures released by the HCM City Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the city has about 114,000 ha of agricultural land, nearly half of the city’s total land area. It includes about 66,000ha for agricultural production; 35,684 ha for silviculture; and 10,798 ha for aquaculture. The city also has more than 25,300 farming households.
Duong Duc Trong, deputy director of HCM City Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said after nearly 10 years’ operation of the city’s urban agricultural development project, the areas under hi-tech agricultural production had been expanded.
The per capita income of these farmers rose from VND25 million (over US$1,090) per year in 2011 to VND63 million in 2019, Trong said.
The city has 130 agricultural cooperatives and is expected to build two to three hi-tech agricultural zones with expected revenues of VND900 million for each ha of land, and projected per capita income of VND100 million (US$4,291) for residents in rural areas, according to Trong.
Đinh Minh Hiep, head of the management board of the HCM City’s Hi-tech Agricultural Park, said that urban agriculture would be developed with a modern concept of sustainable development, with a focus on the use of hi-tech industries and bio-technologies.
Hiep said the city would build centers for plant varieties and animal breeding which would be provided to southern provinces in Vietnam and neighboring countries including Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.