October 21


Nguyen Ai Quoc, along with a number of other Vietnamese, attended a meeting of the Socialist Party of France in District 13, Paris, chaired by French writer Anatole France. The meeting accused the French administration of illegally detaining some Party members.


Nguyen Ai Quoc attended the second Congress of the Socialist Party of France, at which he complained that the Party had yet to pay due attention to colonial issues. He also urged the Congress to pass an appeal to people in countries colonized by France to struggle against the colonizers.

President Ho Chi Minh in his visit to the northern province of Bac Giang in 1955 (File photo)


President Ho Chi Minh, along with several Chinese officials, attended a ceremony held by the Thang Long Confucian Scholars’ Union to commemorate Confucius at Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam (the Temple of Literature) in Hanoi.

The President also acted as an interpreter at the event and said that “within the four seas all men are brothers.”  


During a visit to the northern port city of Hai Phong, the President met residents and visited the To Hieu Youth Training School, where he wrote down in the school’s visitors’ book: “Young people should unite and study and work hard. Go ahead!”

The same day he advised Democracy newspaper published by the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) that “we must not lower ourselves but should not provoke the enemy. The press must use legal foundations as weapons in its struggle against the enemy.”

Speaking to people who saw him off at the Hai Phong train station, he said: “You will miss me for four months and twenty days and I will miss you in that period, too. The most important duty now is to resolutely safeguard the country’s independence and liberty.”    

Speaking to people who welcomed him at the Hanoi station, the President mentioned the Provisional Agreement signed on September 14 with France. To French officials who met him there, he said: “The French people have just experienced a resistance war… Both the French and Vietnamese peoples love peace and freedom. They object to wars and desire a friendly relationship. We hope you will fulfill your duties here soon so that you can return to your fatherland…”


In a letter of praise to two elderly guerillas in Kien An District, Hai Phong City, the President wrote: “You deserve to be heirs of our ancestors like the elderly patriots of the Tran and Le Dynasties. Not only have you called on young people to join the resistance war, but you have also been willing to do the same despite your age.”


In “Anti-plane missiles” in Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper, the President spoke about the weapon, one of the most advanced at that time.  He wrote: “Missiles are dangerous weapons, especially when they carry atomic warheads… For the sake of humankind, we strongly hope that these weapons will no longer be used in wars.”

However, not long after that, such weapons were used in the Vietnam War.


At a Politburo meeting on diplomatic relations, the President said: “Fighting is the main task and negotiations should support fighting. This combination must be used flexibly but not randomly, and we should not have excessive belief that all things could be settled through negotiations.
“Firstly we must try to achieve a strong position in negotiations and Politburo members should be prudent and clever in international relations.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Doan Truc

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